The Arrogance of Punishment

Shock 2As a professional force-free dog trainer I often hear dog owners use the term “punishment” and understand it from their perspective as a word in common use.

Webster’s dictionary: 1 the act of punishing; 2 a. a suffering of pain or loss that serves as retribution; 2 b. a penalty inflicted upon an offender through judicial procedure; 3 severe, rough, or disastrous treatment.

I will address each definition in context of “punishment” as applied to pet dogs by their owners, rather than the use of the term as understood by professionals, with respect to operant conditioning.

First, as an American I acknowledge living in a punitive society, evidenced by the highest incarceration rate per capita in the world.  Many of us were raised in homes where punishment was the norm.  My 30-year police career postured me to observe the behavior of citizens, looking for something to stop.  If that “something” was serious enough it resulted in arrest and likely punishment through legal process.

Dog owners often consider punishing unwanted behavior rather than rewarding favorable behavior.  As a trainer I shape the attitude of dog owners to look for opportunities to reinforce desired behavior, rather than look for something to stop.

Dogs have no moral code, yet humans cast upon them the anthropomorphic notion that dogs “know what they are doing is wrong” and so punishment is justified.  Dogs are roughly comparable to a two-year old human child.[1]  We do not assume toddlers “know what they are doing is wrong” or criminally prosecute them, so punishment is not a logical choice.  With short-term memory measured in seconds it also makes no sense to punish a dog long after the behavior occurred.

Second, inflicting pain or retribution upon a dog should never be a basis for punishment.  I find that concept disturbing, unethical and arrogant.  It puzzles me why some people feel justified in punishing animals for expressing their normal behaviors when we have the alternative of teaching them what we prefer.

I am reminded of a conversation I had in 1992 with a Native American acquaintance who worked as a counselor at a maximum security prison.  He said, “There is too much ego.  People who think too much of themselves think less of others, or of nature.”  Hearing that changed my perspective for the better.

When we consider ourselves superior to other beings, as is one of the fundamentals of “dominance theory” we easily justify inflicting intimidation, fear, pain and physical compulsion upon “lesser” creatures to bend them to our will.  I sadly witnessed this when I observed a dominance trainer and a dog owner discussing the misery of the dog in question during “training” sessions as they mocked the dog and gloated about how superior they were.

Too much ego.

If a client talks in these terms I encourage empathy to consider the dog’s perspective…and remind them their dog is rather like a toddler.  I discuss how parents guide and nurture their child, setting them up for success.

Third, there is no judicial process for dogs.  The owner is police officer, prosecutor, judge and jury.  Sometimes…executioner.  That creates a conflict of interest.  As I coach clients I cite mistakes I made with my puppy and how much I regret not knowing then what I know now.  As a trainer I try to help dog owners avoid my mistakes.

One of the best things I learned during a Pet Partners class was to “Be your dog’s best advocate.”  When dog owners think of themselves as advocates they no longer default to punishment.  There is no conflict of interest in that.

When a client sounds judgmental or uses labels instead of describing behavior, I help them remember why they brought a dog into their life, and how we can partner together to realize their goals.

Fourth, I cannot imagine circumstance in which “severe, rough or disastrous treatment” of a dog is necessary.  The use of choke, pronged and shock collars is off the table.  Period.

 

Shock Collar

Long ago I found myself worried sick that I might not be able to keep my adolescent dog Jake safe and was enticed by the assurances of a “dominance theory” trainer that her methods would resolve my concerns.  I paid far more money than I care to admit learning how to frighten Jake and jerk his neck, accomplishing nothing.  I quickly abandoned the choke collar…but understood why well-meaning dog owners are drawn to such things.

It is a very frustrating and frightening thing to love a dog and fear that you do not know how to keep them safe, or how to live with the dog you brought into your home.  Punishment is a very tempting and seemingly quick solution, and it affords instant gratification to the dog owner.

As a force-free trainer I can help others avoid the arrogance of punishment that I once shared.

To learn more about dog training the force-free way, register for the Pet Professional Guild’s inaugural educational Summit in Tampa, Florida on November 11-13, 2015.

Daniel H. Antolec, CPT-A, CPDT-KA is the owner of Happy Buddha Dog Training. He has membership in Pet Professional Guild, Force-Free Trainers of Wisconsin, Association of Professional Dog Trainers, Association of Professional Humane Educators and American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.  He also sits on the Board of Directors for Dogs on Call, Inc. and is Chairman of Pet Professional Guild Advocacy Committee.

[1] American Psychological Association. “Dogs’ Intelligence on Par With Two-year-old Human, Canine Researcher Says.” Science Daily. Science Daily, 10 August 2009. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/08/090810025241.htm>.

 

About Daniel Antolec

Daniel H. Antolec, PCT-A, CBCC-KA, CPDT-KA completed a 30-year police career which included several years as an instructor of two tactical fields. In 2007 he took a job in a dog daycare and began studying canine behavior and training, which led to credentialing as a professional trainer and behavior consultant. In 2012 Antolec founded Happy Buddha Dog Training. His Labradors (Buddha and Gandhi) are registered Pet Partners therapy dogs.
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3 Responses to The Arrogance of Punishment

  1. nicolacalder@hotmail.com' Nic1 says:

    Daniel, your posts are extraordinary in their empathy and behavioural understanding of both humans and their companion animals.

    Do you ever get the opportunity to speak to children about this?

    I often think that if children had the opportunity to understand more about the mechanics of learning and the inevitable fallout of punishment, the world might be a different place. Just maybe…

    • Thank you for your kind words. I do engage groups of children between 4-17 in various settings throughout the year, teaching safety practices based on understanding canine body language and empathy. The kids are very responsive. My business is based on in-home services and I involve the entire family as much as possible so I have opportunities to explain about the mechanics of learning and the fallout of punishment. Great thoughts, Nic1.

  2. I was very impressed by Mohandas Gandhi and upon reading his book (Gandhi: An Autobiography) I learned how effectively he resolved enormous conflicts with non-violent means. He also influenced the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and I grew up during the era of the civil rights movement. When Nelson Mandella later adopted non-violent struggle against Apartheid he was able to change his nation for the better. As a professional trainer I am devoted to force-free methods and have found them to be very successful.

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